Arthroscopy comes from the Greek words arthro, meaning “joint,” and skopein, meaning “to look.” Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique used by orthopedic surgeons to look inside a joint to diagnose and treat joint problems. You might also hear arthroscopic surgery referred to as a joint scope.
In an arthroscopic procedure, the surgeon inserts the arthroscope, an instrument containing a lens and fiber optic lighting system, through a small incision in the patient’s skin. The arthroscope is then attached to the very small television camera, which displays the view from the arthroscope on a television screen in the operating room.
This magnified view allows the orthopedic surgeon to see and explore the interior of the joint to diagnose the severity or type of injury. Initially, arthroscopic surgery was only used as a diagnostic tool, but today many conditions and injuries can also be repaired arthroscopically.
- Reduced Pain – With smaller incisions and smaller instruments, patients undergoing arthroscopic procedures tend to experience less postoperative pain.
- Reduced Cost – Arthroscopic surgery can most often be performed on an outpatient basis, without requiring an overnight stay at the hospital. For this reason among others, arthroscopic surgery tends to be less expensive than open surgery.
- Faster Recovery – Depending on the procedure(s) performed, arthroscopic surgery generally results in a faster recovery period than open surgery.
- Improved Visualization – Arthroscopic surgery offers the surgeon a magnified and enhanced view of the interior of the joint.
Benefits of knee arthroscopy
- Meniscus Tears / Meniscal Transplant
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears
- Loose Bodies in the Knee
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Tears
- Bone Spurs
- Knee Infections
- Synovial Inflammation / Pigmented VillonodularSynovitis (PVNS)
- Knee Fractures
- Excess Scar Tissue Restricting Movement / Arthrofibrosis
- Cartilage Wear
Benefits of shoulder arthroscopy
- Rotator Cuff Tears
- Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
- Labral Lesions & Tears (Including SLAP Tears &Bankart Tears)
- Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)
- Biceps Tendon Tears at the Shoulder
- Shoulder Instability
- Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Separation
- AC Joint Arthritis